Toyota L engineFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to: navigation, search
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The L family first appeared in October 1977, it is a series of 4 cylinder diesel engines. It is the first diesel engine from Toyota to use a rubber timing belt in conjunction with a SOHC head. Engines like 2L-II and 2L-T are still in production to the present day.
2L-II engine in Toyota HiluxContents [hide]
11 See also
 LThe L is the first L engine produced. Note: Toyota just call it the L engine, not the 1L engine. 2.2 L (2,188 cc), 4 cylinder diesel engine. Output is 62 hp (46 kW) at 4,200 rpm and 93 ft·lb (126 N·m). Applications:
1980–1984 Blizzard LD10
 2LThe 2L is a 2.4 L (2,446 cc) 4 cylinder diesel engine. Bore is 92 mm and stroke is 92 mm, with a compression ratios of around 22.3:1. Outputs range from 72 to 87 hp (54 to 65 kW) and torque of 15.8–16.8 kg·m (155–165 N·m).
Mark II/Chaser/Cresta (85 hp/63 kW at 4,200 rpm, 16.8 kg·m/165 N·m at 2,400 rpm, 22.2:1)
Kijang Fourth Generation
1984–1990 Blizzard LD20 (76 hp/57 kW at 4,000 rpm, 15.7 kg·m/154 N·m at 2,400 rpm, 22.3:1)
 2L-IIThe 2L-II is an upgrade of the 2L. Bore and stroke remains the same. The most significant change is that the camshaft lifts the valve directly via tappet instead of a rocker arm. The valve clearance is adjusted using shims. Later L engines (3L and 5L) also use this method of valve operation. Maximum output is 89 hp (66 kW) at 4,000 rpm and maximum torque is 157 N·m (116 ft·lbf) at 2,400 rpm.
 2L-TThe 2L-T is a 2.4 L (2,446 cc) turbo version of the 2L still being produced since 1985. The bore and stroke are the same but the 2L-T has a compression ratio of 20:1. Output is 96 hp (72 kW) at 4,000 rpm with 139 ft·lb (188 N·m) of torque at 2,200 rpm.
Cresta Super Custom
1984–1990 Blizzard LD20 (85 hp/63 kW at 4,000 rpm, 19.2 kg·m/188 N·m, 20.0:1)
 2L-TIIThe 2L-TII is an upgrade of the 2L-T. Of the same dimensions as all other 2L engines, the most significant change is that the camshaft lifts the valve directly via tappet instead of a rocker arm. The valve clearance is adjusted using shims. Compression rate is also 20:1.
8th generation Crown (LS130/130G/130W) with manual transmission:
94 PS (69 kW) at 4,000 rpm, 22.0 kg·m (216 N·m) at 2,400 rpm
Mark II/Chaser/Cresta (LX80)
 2L-TEDeveloped as a new version of 2L-T, the 2L-TE features a new development used in Diesel engines at that time, the EFI (Electronic Fuel Injection) system. Although Toyota used this fuel injection system in gasoline engines years before, this is among the first Diesel engines to adopt such a system. Although the basic construction is similar to a modern gasoline injector, the EFI system in 2L-TE utilize considerably higher injection pressures. The EFI system meter fuel with great precision and succeeded in increasing the engine's efficiency. Like the 2L-T , it is 2.4L (2,446 cc) and it is a SOHC (Single Overhead Cam) engine, having 8 valves. It also comes with a Turbo charger. The bore is 92 mm and stroke is also 92 mm. Due to the EFI system, the 2L-TE develops significantly more torque than its predecessor. Maximum horsepower is 97 hp (72 kW) at 3,800 rpm and maximum torque is 24.54 kg·m (241 N·m; 177 ft·lbf) at 2,400 rpm. Redline of this engine is at 4,800 rpm. Compression ratio is 21.0 : 1, slightly higher than 2L-T. 2L-TE was largely replaced by the KZ engine in 1993, although it continued to be used in some models until 2000.
Land Cruiser Prado
 2L-THEHigh Pressure Charged version of 2L-TE, the fuel is injected with a high pressure system, High Pressure Charging. Bore and stroke remains the same, 92 mm for both. Maximum output was 94–105 PS (69–77 kW) at 4,000 rpm and maximum torque was 20.5–22.5 kg·m (201–221 N·m; 148–163 ft·lbf). Compression ratio remains the same, 21.0 : 1. Comes with a Turbo charger and used the EFI (Electronic Fuel Injection) system as well.
7th generation Crown (LS120/120G/120W)
8th generation Crown (LS130/130G/130W) with automatic transmission:
100 PS (74 kW) at 4,000 rpm, 22.5 kg·m (221 N·m) at 2,400 rpm (AT)
 3LThe 3L is a 2.8 L (2,779 cc) 4 cylinder diesel engine. Bore is 96 mm and stroke is 96 mm, with a compression ratio of 22.2 : 1. Output is 91 hp (68 kW) at 4,000 rpm with 19.2 kg·m (188 N·m) of torque at 2,400 rpm.
 5LThe 5L is a 3.0 L (2,986 cc) 4 cylinder diesel engine. Bore is 99.5 mm and stroke is 96 mm, with a compression ratio of 22.2:1. Output is 97 hp (72 kW) at 4,000 rpm with 191 N·m (141 ft·lbf) of torque at 2,400 rpm.
 5L-EThe 5L-E is a 3.0 L (2,986 cc) EFI version of the 5L engine. It is the latest member of the L family. It has a bore of 99.5 mm and stroke of 96.0 mm, with a compression ratio of 22.2:1. Output (as fitted to the Hilux is 97 PS (71 kW) at 4,000 rpm with 192 N·m (142 ft·lb) of torque at 2,400 rpm. Power output varies according to fitment. The engine number is found on the top face of the block at the front of the engine.
Toyota Land Cruiser Prado (J120-series)
Toyota Hiace (fifth generation, H200-series)
 See also Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Toyota L engine
List of Toyota engines
 References1.^ Toyota L Engine (diesel) Repair Manual. Toyota Motor Sales Co.. 1982.
2.^ Büschi, Hans U., ed (March 1991). Automobil Revue 1991. 86. Berne, Switzerland: Hallwag AG. p. 579. ISBN 3-444-00514-8.
3.^ a b Automobil Revue 1991, p. 583
4.^ a b Automobil Revue 1991, p. 581
5.^ Automobil Revue 1991, p. 588
6.^ McCamish, Brian. "Toyota Hilux Engines". http://www.brian894x4.com/Hiluxengines.html.
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Categories: Toyota engines
De acuerdo a esto serian 62 HP, lo que se que en mi ochentosa empujan todos juntos.